About Indian Army
Founded on August 15, 1947, the Indian Army is the largest part of the Indian Armed Forces. Its prime objective is ground defense and national security from foreign threats. It also looks after maintaining peace and security within the country. The Indian army also carries out rescue operations during natural calamities.
The Indian Army is headed by the President of India who acts as the Commander in Chief. Second to the Commander in Chief is the Chief Army Staff who is a four star commander. The Indian Army also has two Field Marshalls who act as ceremonial chief. The Field Marshalls are usually 5 start rank officers. Currently the Indian Army is the second largest army in the world with reserve troops around 1.8million and active troops around 1.41 million.
Most of the structure of the Indian Army is a replica of the British Army. The Indian Army is made up of six tactical commands with each command being headed by a Commanding Chief Officer. The Commanding chief officer is usually of the rank of the Lieutenant General. The Indian Army also has Corps of three types. Apart from the Corps, the Army also has Regiments which are functional part of the army made up of Services and Arms. The Army also has a training command located at Shimla, Himachal Pradesh.
Amongst the other field formations are:
Section:- It is the smallest military unit consisting of ten personnel.
Platoon:- It is an intermediate between a Section and a Company and is headed by a Lieutenant.
Company:- It consists of one hundred twenty soldiers and is headed by the Major.
Battalion:- It consists of more than nine hundred soldiers and is headed by the Colonel.
Brigade:- It consists of more than three thousand combat troops and is headed by the Brigadier General.
Division:- It is an in termediate between Brigade and Corps. It consists of fifteen thousand soldiers and is headed by the Major General.
UPSC CDS Exam Sample Papers
CDS Exam Syllabus for English paper:
The question paper will be designed to test the candidates’ understanding of English and workmanlike use of words.
CDS Exam Syllabus for General Knowledge paper:
General Knowledge including knowledge of current events and of such matters of everyday observation and experience in their scientific aspects as may be expected of an educated person who has not made a special study of any scientific subject. The paper will also include questions on History of India and Geography of a nature which candidate should be able to answer without special study.
CDS Exam Syllabus for Elementary Mathematics paper:
Number System-Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers. Fundamental operations addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions.
Unitary method-time and distance, time and work, percentages, applications to simple and compound interest, profit and loss, ratio and proportion, variation.
Elementary Number Theory- Division algorithm. Prime and composite numbers. Tests of divisibility by 2,3,4,5,9 and 11. Multiples and factors. Factorisation Theorem. H.C.F. and L.C.M. Euclidean algorithm, Logarithms to base 10, laws of logarithms, use of logarithmic tables.
Basic Operations, simple factors, Remainder Theorem, H.C.F., L.C.M. Theory of polynomials, solutions of quadratic equations, relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered). Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns-analytical and graphical solutions. Simultaneous linear equations in two variables and their solutions. Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions. Set language and set notation, Rational expressions and conditional identities, Laws of indices.
Sine x, cosine x, Tangent x when 00 < x =" 00," style="font-weight: bold;">GEOMETRY:
Lines and angles, Plane and plane figures, Theorems on (i) Properties of angles at a point (ii) Parallel lines, (iii) Sides and angles of a triangle, (iv) Congruency of triangles, (v) Similar triangles, (vi) Concurrence of medians and altitudes, (vii) Properties of angles, sides and diagonals of a parallelogram, rectangle and square (viii) Circles and its properties including tangents and normals, (ix) Loci.
Areas of squares, rectangles, parallelograms, triangle and circle. Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book), Surface area and volume of cuboids, lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders, surface area and volume of spheres.
Collection and tabulation of statistical data, Graphical representation frequency polygons, histograms, bar charts, pie charts etc. Measures of central tendency.
SSB Interview (Intelligence and personality test):
In addition to the interview the candidates will be put to Intelligence Tests both verbal and non-verbal, designed to assess their basic intelligence. They will also be put to Group Tests such as group discussions, group planning, outdoor group tasks, and asked to give brief lectures on specified subjects. All these tests are intended to judge the mental calibre of a candidate. In broad terms, this is really an assessment of not only his intellectual qualities but also his social traits and interests in current affairs.
UPSC CDS Exam Sample Papers Download
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